Laparoscopy – Dr. Yancho Delchev:
The Laparoscopy is result of the striving for minimum invasion at the surgical interventions. Essentially it represents endoscopic surgery. At the hospital setting under anesthesia of the abdominal wall are made several small openings (most frequently 2-4), with size up to 1cm. Through the first one is inserted a special miniature camera with which is made an inspection of the organs in the abdominal cavity and small pelvis. The other openings are used for application of different types of instruments for performing the necessary operation (adhesions release, dissecting, cutting and sewing tissues etc.)
The term “bloodless surgery” is not completely accurate as at the laparoscopy there is still bleeding but the quantity of blood loss is many times less compared to the one at the “opened surgery”. Usually the hospital stay after laparoscopic access is much shorter than at classic operation, and also the recovery period after this is shorter and slighter.